Chlamydia species Culture

Overview

  • EPIC Code:
  • LAB244
  • Soft Test Code:
  • CHLM
  • Send Out Test Code:
  • 690
Alternate Names
  • Chlamydia Culture
  • Chlamydia trachomatis Culture
  • Culture Chlamydia
  • Culture, Chlamydia trachomatis
Clinical Significance

Chlamydiae Species Culture - C. trachomatis is associated with infections of the mucous membranes of the urogenital system, the upper respiratory tract and the eye. It may be sexually transmitted; resulting diseases include urethritis, cervicitis, salpingitis, epididymitis, proctitis and lymphogranuloma venereum. C. pneumoniae is associated with both upper and lower respiratory infections. Infections of the upper respiratory tract and eye usually occur in newborns exposed at parturition. In adults, eye infection may be transmitted by hand after contact with secretions. Isolation by tissue culture is recommended when testing individuals for legal purposes.


Specimen Collection & Preparation

Client Notes:

This specimen must reach the Parkview Health Laboratories within 48 hours of collection.
Please contact the Client Response Department to verify the possible receipt time of the specimen, and the possibility of a special courier.


Test Notes:

Order must include the site and/or source of collection.

Acceptable sources: Endocervical, Endourethral, or Rectal mucosa (without feces) 

Specimen Requirements:

-OR-

1.0 mL swab in a Viral Culture Media (VCM ) green-cap tube
Minimum Volume:
1 Swab in VCM
Neonatal Volume:
Pediatric Vaginal swab on children <13 years
Rejection Criteria:

Specimens submitted in Viral Transport Media that do not support Chlamydia

Wooden shaft and calcium alginate swabs

Bacterial transport systems

Molecular transport systems

Respiratory specimens

Eye (conjunctival) specimens

Dry swab


Transport and Storage:
  • Ambient: Unacceptable
  • Refrigerated: 48 Hours

    Best recovery is obtained when the specimens are refrigerated at 2-8° C prior to shipment.

  • Frozen (-20 C or colder): Unacceptable
  • Ultra Frozen (-70 C or colder or by dry ice): 30 Days

    Transport on dry ice

Clinical Interpretation

Reference Range:

Not Isolated


Methodology:
  • Centrifugation-Enhanced Culture w/ Monoclonal Antibody Detection

Clinical Significance

Chlamydiae Species Culture - C. trachomatis is associated with infections of the mucous membranes of the urogenital system, the upper respiratory tract and the eye. It may be sexually transmitted; resulting diseases include urethritis, cervicitis, salpingitis, epididymitis, proctitis and lymphogranuloma venereum. C. pneumoniae is associated with both upper and lower respiratory infections. Infections of the upper respiratory tract and eye usually occur in newborns exposed at parturition. In adults, eye infection may be transmitted by hand after contact with secretions. Isolation by tissue culture is recommended when testing individuals for legal purposes.


Documentation

Due to potential propagation of SARS-CoV-2 virus in Chlamydia culture cells, respiratory and eye specimens are no longer accepted. 

The recommended alterative for respiratory specimens is Quest 16003 Chlamydophila pneumoniae DNA, Qualitative Real-Time PCR

he recommended alterative for eye specimens is Quest 13525 Chlamydia trachomatis/Neisseria gonorrhoeae RNA, TMA, Conjunctiva


Production Schedule

Sites Performed
  • Quest - Chantilly
Days Performed
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Departments
  • Sendouts - Clinical
Turn Around Time

4 to 5 days


Coding & Compliance

CDM

00917027, 00917026


CPT Coding

87110, 87140